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There are two types of web development – front-end and back-end. They are like bricks that help you to build any website you wish. They are not similar to each other and perform different tasks, but they work in close conjunction to help you get a well-functioning website with a clear interface.
In this article, we will compare back-end vs front-end, analyze how they differ, what tasks they impose, and what are the requirements for each development type.
The front-end definition is rather simple – it is the creation of a user interface on the client’s side of a website or application. This is everything that the users observe when they open the web page and what they interact with: buttons, banners, and animations. The front end is connected with the business logic of the product (the client’s part constantly “communicates” with the server part), but this is the field for the back-end developers.
In the course of work, the front-end developer interacts with designers, back-end developers, and UX analysts.
To understand what a front-end is, open the page of any site – you will see the interface. Right-click on the page, select “View Page Source”, and you will see … the page’s source code.
This is an example of the work of a front-end developer. The browser runs code that describes colours, layout, fonts, and the location of graphic elements, and the front-end user interface becomes a real masterpiece.
The front end of a website or web application can be divided into three large parts:
So, your website has a catchy design, and there are animation elements, highlighted buttons, and thought-out fonts, but the question is, how does everything work from the inside?
Back-end development is the development of the business logic of a product (website or web application).
The website back-end is responsible for user interaction with internal data, which is then displayed by the front end. Simply put, this is what is hidden from the user’s eyes and takes place outside the browser and computer.
When drivers get into their cars, they see the “user interface” in front of them: the control panel, steering wheel, gas and brake pedals. When they press the gas pedal, the car starts to move forward. So, the front end is similar to these pedals: the driver knows what will happen when pressing them. And the back end is the internal process that occurs in the car after pressing the pedal. The user does not see how the engine starts and does not know how it works.
Now let’s see how the back end for the website works:
When you enter a query on a search engine page and press the Enter button, you move from the front-end area to the back-end area. The request is sent to the search engine server, where complex search algorithms are located, and all the “magic” happens there. As soon as the information you were looking for appears on the screen, you return to the front-end area.
In a broad sense, the server is the same computer, but remote and much more powerful. It stores data and responds to user requests.
The back-end developers use the tools that are available on the server. They have the right to choose any of the universal programming languages – for example, Ruby, PHP, Python or Java. It all depends on the specific project and the customer’s task.
Also for back-end development, database management systems are used:
The following download (deploy) tools are also used:
The back-end meaning is not only in writing code but also creating the architecture of the website or application. The architecture in development defines the structure and use of databases. It is important that the database interacts correctly with the application code and is continuously delivered to the server, and the back-end developer is responsible for this.
The tasks of a back-end developer vary depending on the project. An experienced specialist can integrate databases, deal with security or configure a backup system.
So what’s the difference between front-end and back-end? Front-end development is about visualization, graphic editors, and templates. Software back-end development is about simplifying modelling systems that show what the user can do on the site in the future.
As a rule, the responsibilities of the front-end vs back-end developers are different, so the requirements for specialists in this area differ as well. However, these are not at all mutually exclusive areas, and a front-end developer needs to at least roughly imagine the back-end systems as well, especially since both areas need technical and creative components.
If you don’t want to waste time searching for front-end and back-end developers separately, contact NEKLO. We provide a full range of web application development services, and our specialists will gladly consult you on any of the possible issues, be it front-end or back-end development. Just fill in the form on our website – and let’s partner up!